According to his own account, Bakunin 'suggested that the social-revolutionary minority, who had left the League, all join the International while at the same time retaining their close relations'.
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Bakunin was referring to his contacts with various European socialists and the resulting conspiratorial web of relationships, which he had tried to form into an organisational framework between and According to Bakunin, his suggestion to join the International was unanimously agreed upon by all those present.
There were, however, different opinions related to the question of forming a separate organisation, which the French and Italian participants of the meeting felt should include a secret and an official branch and remain absolutely independent of the International.
The First International and the Development of Anarchism and Marxism
There was a consensus that they should continue to work together in secret. However, Bakunin was against forming an official organisation because it 'would compete in a most undesirable way' with the International. Even though the Alliance claimed to be 'established entirely within the big International Working Men's Association' in their preambles, they still had to apply to the London General Council of the International for official recognition.
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Citizen J. He accepted this mission, certain, he said, of the success of his approach, and added that the General Council, which had no right to refuse us, would necessarily understand, after the explanations which he gave them, the immense utility of the Alliance. We thus relied completely on the promise and assurance of Ph. Becker [ The fact is that — contrary to all his promises — he had written nothing to London, or that he had written something completely different from what he had told us.
Becker had in fact written a letter to London; however, it was not exactly a request for the Alliance's admittance to the International. In his letter to the General Council on 29 November , he wrote, more or less matter-of-factly:. In addition, we have been instructed to inform you that an International Alliance of Socialist Democracy has formed within our Association, whose programme is enclosed.
The First Socialist Schism: Bakunin VS. Marx in the International Working Men's Association
Its local section has members to date, and will soon have many hundreds more. As the existing sections and affiliated groups of our Association have almost exclusively been treating symptoms — their consumer establishments, bakery, butcher and chandlery, and the protection of employees' wage — and have let our primary mission out of their sights, the time has come for an element to arise and rally together to bring some healthy idealism and revolutionary energy into the movement on the continent before it is too late.
It had already begun to get boring for energetic natures. And history cannot do without an avant-guard.
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A few words of encouragement and support in your response to this Alliance would have a positive effect. Becker's rather smug letter surprisingly resulted in Marx's first verbal attack against Bakunin. Mr Bakunin — in the background of this business — is condescending enough to wish to take the workers' movement under Russian leadership. This shit has been in existence for 2 months. Only this evening did old Becker inform the General Council about it in writing. Marx's frivolous preoccupation with the conspiracy theory that Bakunin had used Becker as a marionette 'to take the workers' movement under Russian leadership' is almost bizarre.
In reality Bakunin had no idea what Becker had written to London. Click here for one-page information sheet on this product. Forgot Password?
Book Review: Divide and Conquer or Divide and Subdivide? – Freedom News
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Climate Change Labor Studies.. Mystery and Thrillers Science Fiction.. World History Latin America Punk Rock Big Noise Tactical Media Busboys and Poets Charles H. Kerr Library Common Notions Flashpoint Press Found in Translation Freedom Press Green Arcade Outspoken Authors Reach and Teach Revolutionary Pocketbooks Spectacular Fiction Tofu Hound Press Author Collections China Martens Derrick Jensen The separate movements in the International — which would later develop into social democracy, communism, and anarchism — found their greatest advocates in Mikhail Bakunin and Karl Marx.
However, the significance of this alleged clash of titans is largely a modern invention. It was not the rivalry between two archenemies or a personal vendetta based on mutual resentment that made the conflict between Bakunin and Marx so important.